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History of St. Patrick’s Day

By Vivian Jung

St. Patrick’s Day. It is undoubtedly one of the most popular days of March, a day full of green goodness. Although this day is known for leprechauns, four-leaf clovers, and gold, it originates back a thousand years ago in the Ireland community. It is celebrated annually on March 17- which signifies the anniversary of Saint Patrick’s death in the fifth century. He was known as the patron saint of Ireland and its national apostle. At the age of 16, Patrick was kidnapped and brought to Ireland as a slave, and soon after he escaped, he was thought to have brought Christianity to the people of Ireland.

The very first celebration of St. Patrick’s Day began with a parade that took place in America on March 17, 1601. It was organized by the Spanish Colony's Irish vicar Ricardo Artur due to its location in a Spanish colony. Over the course of decades, the growth of celebration on St. Patrick’s Day rose and attracted the attention of those all around the world. This led to groups such as Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick and The Hibernian Society deriving from Irish patriotism among American immigrants. Parades are one of the largest celebrations to take place with the world’s oldest civilian parade and the largest in the United States attracting over 150,000 participants called New York City St. Patrick’s Day Parade.

The popularity of St. Patrick’s Day not only exists in the United States, but stretches as far as Japan, Singapore, Russia, Canada, and Australia. Foods such as Irish soda bread, corned beef, cabbage, and champ are popular foods to this day and are normally made available as well. It can be confidently said that St. Patrick’s day has made its way from being a small afternoon party; to Ireland’s national holiday showcasing its culture to the rest of the world.


History.com editors, editor. "History of St. Patrick's Day." History, A&E

Television Networks, 27 Oct. 2009, www.history.com/topics/st-patricks-day/

history-of-st-patricks-day. Accessed 28 Feb. 2021.

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